AskDefine | Define absence

Dictionary Definition



1 the state of being absent; "he was surprised by the absence of any explanation" [ant: presence]
2 failure to be present [ant: presence]
3 the time interval during which something or somebody is away; "he visited during my absence"
4 epilepsy characterized by paroxysmal attacks of brief clouding of consciousness (a possible other abnormalities) [syn: petit mal epilepsy]

User Contributed Dictionary



French, from Latin absentia. See also absent.


  • /ˈæbsəns/, /"

Extensive Definition

Absenteeism is a habitual pattern of absence from a duty or obligation.


Frequent absence from the workplace may be indicative of poor morale or of sick building syndrome. However, many employers have implemented absence policies which make no distinction between absences for genuine illness and absence for inappropriate reasons. One of these policies is the calculation of the Bradford factor, which only takes the total number and frequency of absences into account, not the kind of absence. As a result, many employees feel obliged to come to work while ill, and transmit communicable diseases to their co-workers. This leads to even greater absenteeism and reduced productivity among other workers who try to work while ill. Work forces often do excuse absenteeism caused by medical reasons if the worker supplies a doctor's note or other form of documentation. Sometimes, however, in the workforce, people choose not to show up for work and do not call in advance, which most businesses find to be unprofessional and inconsiderate. This is called a no call, no show.


Absentee landlords, who own property but rent its use out to others, are often considered a major social problem in areas with a wide disparity between rich and poor. A large proportion of absentee landlords are often considered an indicator of urban blight.


There is also a growing concern about the fgg threat of presenteeism as well.

See also


absence in Czech: Absence
absence in German: Absentismus
absence in French: Absentéisme
absence in Dutch: Absenteïsme
absence in Russian: Абсентеизм
absence in Serbian: Апсентизам
absence in Ukrainian: Абсентеїзм

Synonyms, Antonyms and Related Words

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